Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessment
This first step of environmental due diligence is a Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessment. This kind of assessment is also referred to as a Phase 1 ESA Report for short. A Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessment studies historical and current land-use. For example, an apartment complex property today, may have been a gas station in the past. Additionally, a Phase 1 ESA Report can document the liability of a property. For instance, the likelihood of there being a contamination concern. Furthermore, a Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessment evaluates risk using EPA standards. In particular, ESA reports can serve to legally defend innocent landowners from unforeseeable environmental burdens.
- Nationwide Bank-Approved
- Certified Engineers & Geologists
When environmental issues are discovered in a Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessment Report, soil testing may be reccomended. This process is a Phase 2 Environmental Site Assessment, also referred to as a Phase 2 Subsurface Investigation.
Phase 2 ESA
A Phase 2 Environmental Site Assessment is a subsurface investigation. To illustrate, a Phase 2 ESA includes soil and groundwater testing. Furthermore, a Phase 2 Subsurface Investigation can include geophysical reports. Moreover, a Phase 2 ESA investigates whether contamination exists or not. The scope of work is based on the recognized environmental conditions from a Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessment Report.
Phase 1 ESA at Pre-Purchase
To regulate Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessment Reports, the US EPA established the All Appropriate Inquiry (AAI) rule. When Phase 1 ESA Reports qualify, they can provide landowner liability protection. Additionally, the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) has produced standards for Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessments. At the same time, these standards comply with CERCLA’s Innocent Land Owner (ILO) defense policies.
Landowners looking to qualify for CERCLA liability protection will require a Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessment Report. The Geo Forward team prepares all Phase 1 ESA Reports to meet these requirements. In particular, the EPA’s All Appropriate Inquiry (AAI) and the ASTM.
Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessment Reports for the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) also follow these standards. Additionally, there is compliance by the Multifamily Accelerated Process.
In some cases, a full Phase 1 ESA Report may not be required. Thus, a limited environmental site assessment can be prepared. Click here to learn about Limited Environmental Report Options.
Scope of Work
Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Reports are prepared by licensed professional geologists and engineers. To illustrate, reports include:
- Job Site Visits
- Historical Property Information
- Regulatory Agency Files
- Database Reports
- Study and Analysis of Geology and Hydrogeology
- Vapor Intrusion Risk Analysis
- Environmental Liens and/or Activity Use Limitations
- Conclusions and Recommendations
Geo Forward can customize Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessment report formats for your readability and ease.
For more information about Phase I ESAs, please call (888) 930-6604 to speak with a licensed engineer or geologist.
Forward-Thinking Geologists, Engineers, and Contractors